The Problem with Badges
The biggest issue with a badge style logo is that the corporate name must be subordinated within a shape. In many respects, this is the same as Containment (Chapter 30).
A worse issue with badges is the tendency to wrap text around the shape, which significantly decreases the ease of reading the text.
Through bitter experience, many companies have abandoned the badge approach in favor of a separate logo and “liberated” type, which also gives the options of having the text below, to the side and at different sizes to fit varying design constraints.
Harley-Davidson’s badge logo is an exception because its type is legible, having kept the company name text flat and big enough to read with excellent contrast.
The Wrong Mood or Feeling
Designers must cultivate the ability to see how their creations will be perceived by the client’s customers. Even if the concept of the logo is Corporate Activity, Corporate Name or even Abstract, the manner in which it is executed needs to feel harmonious with the corporate ideals the company’s ideals. which also gives the options
There are many subtleties that come into play in identity design. Shapes and fonts carry stylistic subliminal messages that must be appropriate for your client.
In most of the samples shown here, a more appropriate mood is achieved for the company in question. One identity might look too casual and not formal enough, while another might look too straightlaced and “corporate,” lacking refinement. It depends on the client’s needs and the desired perception on the part of the client’s customers.
Adapted from Logo Design Theory: How Branding Design Really Works